What is a stroke?

Stroke happens when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off, either through a blockage of blood flow (ischemic stroke) or bursting of the blood vessel (hemorrhagic stroke).

Without blood, brain cells can be damaged or die. This damage can have different effects depending on where it happens in the brain. It can affect people’s body, mobility and speech, as well as how they think and feel.

Stroke devastates lives around the world.¹

Stroke is the leading cause of disability and the second leading cause of death globally. Stroke can happen to anyone at any age. Stroke affects everyone: survivors, family and friends, workplaces and communities.

17M – Strokes           6M – deaths          5M – Permanently Disabled

The good news is that: Stroke is treatable.

Stroke is a complex medical issue. But there are ways to significantly reduce its impact. Recognizing the signs of stroke early, treating it as a medical emergency with admission to a specialized stroke unit, and access to the best professional care can substantially improve outcomes.


The right care makes a difference, but many people are not getting the stroke treatment they need. Unfortunately not every doctor or hospital is skilled in the management of stroke!!

6 key facts about stroke treatment

  1. Early recognition makes a big difference.

Knowing the signs of stroke and getting treatment quickly saves lives and improves recovery. If you think someone may have had a stroke, do this FAST check:

  • Face ­– Is one side drooping?
  • Arms – Raise both arms. Is one side weak?
  • Speech – Is the person able to speak? Are words jumbled or slurred?
  • Time – Act quickly and seek emergency medical attention immediately. Go immediately to a hospital that has special skills in the treatment of stroke!
  1. Around 1 in 10 more people make an excellent recovery when cared for in a specialized stroke uni

All patients with stroke (ischaemic or haemorrhagic) should be admitted to a specialized stroke unit, which involves a designated ward with a specialized team.

  1. Clot-busting drugs (tPA or thrombolysis) increase the chance of a good outcome by 30%.³

Clot-busting drugs break up blood clots. This treatment can be administered up to 4.5 hours of symptom onset in many patients with ischaemic stroke. The earlier it is given, the greater the effect.

  1. Clot retrieval treatment increases the chance of a good outcome by more than 50%.4

Clot retrieval treatment (mechanical thrombectomy) involves removing a blood clot and can improve survival rates and reduce disability for many people with ischaemic stroke caused by large artery blockage.

  1. Rehabilitation is a critical step in the treatment process.
    Rehabilitation starts in the hospital as soon as possible following a stroke. It can improve function and help the survivor regain as much independence as possible over time.
  2. One in four survivors will have another stroke.
    Treatments that prevent another stroke include drugs to lower blood pressure and cholesterol, antiplatelet therapies, anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation, surgery or stenting for selected patients with severe carotid artery narrowing.

Lifestyle changes can also greatly reduce the risk of another stroke. Changes include eating well, being physically active, being tobacco-free, managing stress, and limiting alcohol consumption.


Regions Stroke and Neuroscience Hospital is the only hospital dedicated for the treatment of stroke patients in Nigeria.

We have the only stroke unit in the region and are equipped just like the best hospitals in the USA and UK to care for stroke patients.

Our medical director (Dr. Benjamin Anyanwu) is board certified in Vascular (Stroke) Neurology by the American Board of Medical Specialties, which is an extra-specialized training, requiring at least 2 years of training specifically for the treatment of stroke.

He is also board certified in Neurocritical Care, which is an extra specialty training for doctors skilled in the treatment of critical and very ill patients with neurological disorders and stroke.

He received training at the prestigious Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia and was the medical director of one of the largest stroke hospitals in the United States for 9 years.

Put together, he has directly cared for over 10,000 ischemic stroke patients and 6,500 hemorrhagic stroke patients.

This wealth of experience and a dedicated service is what we promise that you or your loved one will receive at Regions.

Together we can conquer stroke!